Sunday, December 4, 2016

Is antifreeze no longer a worry for pets in Massachusetts?

Mary Anna Labato, V83, clinical professor at the Cummings School, responds

cat and antifreeze

Illustration: Ward Shumaker

Unfortunately, no. Although there are less-toxic coolants and antifreezes than those containing ethylene glycol, the new law in Massachusetts does not mandate the utilization of those safer chemicals.

Instead, it requires that commercially sold antifreezes contain a “bittering agent,” which does not make the antifreeze any less poisonous. But it does turn the normally sweet-tasting liquid bitter, so that pets and kids might stop drinking it before consuming a toxic amount.

The law also only applies to commercially sold antifreeze, not the kind that gas stations and repair shops buy in bulk—something to keep in mind if you have your radiator flushed or filled professionally.

Ethylene glycol isn’t actually toxic to cats and dogs until their bodies begin to metabolize it. But if the early stages of antifreeze ingestion are missed or go untreated, crystals form in pets’ kidneys, causing acute, long-term damage. Only a few teaspoons can lead to kidney failure.

If you suspect your pet has ingested antifreeze—symptoms mimic human behavior after too much alcohol—head immediately to your local veterinarian, who will induce vomiting and use charcoal solutions to prevent absorption of the antifreeze into the gastrointestinal tract. He or she may start by delivering an antidote intravenously or referring your pet for hemodialysis to remove the toxins. Speed is absolutely critical to successful treatment.

Do you have a question for Ask the Professor? Send it to Tufts Journal editor Taylor McNeil.

Recent Ask the Professor columns:

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Why do I sometimes forget what I came into a room to get?

What is the appropriate age for children to start getting homework?

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Is it better to eat fruit and vegetable peels for the nutrients or cut them off to avoid contaminants?

Posted December 13, 2010